Tuesday, 23 June 2015

SCOPE OF EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY


 Six  major areas covered by Educational Psychology are:
• The Learner
 • The learning Process
 • The learning Situation
 • The Teaching Situation
 • Evaluation of Learning Performance
• The Teacher
1.     The Learner:
 Educational Psychology aquaints us with need of knowing the leaves and deals with the techniques of knowing him well. Following are the topics studied included in it: the innate abilities and capabilities of the individual differences and their measurements, the overt, convert, conscious as well as unconscious behaviour of the learner, the characteristics of his growth and development at each stage beginning from childhood to adulthood.
2.     The Learning Process:
 After knowing the learner and deciding what learning experiences are to be provided, the emerging problem is to help learner in acquiring these learning experiences with ease and confidence. Hence, it deals with the nature of learning and how it take place and contains the topics such as laws, principles and theories of learning; remembering and forgetting, perceiving, concept formation, thinking, reasoning process, problem solving, transfer of training, ways and means of effective learning etc.
3.     Learning Situation
It also deals with the environment factors and learning situation which come midway between the learner and the teacher. Topics like classroom climate and group dynamics techniques and aids which facilitate learning, evaluation techniques, and practices, guidance and counseling etc. which help in the smooth functioning of the teaching learning process.
4.     Teaching Situation
It suggests the techniques of teaching. It also helps in deciding what learning situation should be provided by teacher to learner according to his mental and physical age, his previous knowledge and interest level. By describing the learner’s characteristics, what teaching aids are appropriate for the particular subject.
 5. Evaluation of Learning Performance
Main objective of education is all round development of the learner. It includes cognitive, affective and psychomotor aspects of personality. Educational Psychology suggests various tool and techniques for assessment and evaluation such as performance test, oral test and written test. It does not stop at measurement only, after the testing results of the test are anyslysed causes for poor performance, backwardness in any aspect of development is corrected by maladjustment are helped by guidance and counselling study habit, examination techniques and learning styles are analysed and helped the learner so that he can overcome the difficulties.
6.     The Teacher

Educational Psychology emphasizes the need of knowing the self for a teacher to play his fole properly in the process of education. it throws light on the essential personality traits, interests, aptitudes, the characteristics of effective teaching etc., so as to inspire, help teacher handle the stress, conflict and anxicty by giving insight in their own personality.

No comments:
Write comments

Theme images by MichaelJay. Powered by Blogger.

Follow by Email

Cultural alternatives and cultural specialties

There are many different ways to do the same. For example, create a universal aspect of culture for a patient; but the way people vary pat...

footer

Labels