Tuesday, 31 May 2016

Differences between data and information

Though the words 'data' and 'information' are often used interchangeably, there is clear distinction between the two. Some of the major differences are as follows:
• Data are facts but information, though based on data, is not fact.
• Though information arises from data, all data do not become information. There is a lot of selective filtering of data before processing them into information.
• Data are the result of routine recording of events and activities taking place. Generation of information is user-driven which is not always automatic.
• Data are independent of users whereas information is user dependent. Most information reports are designed to meet anticipated information needs of a user or a group of users. That is, information for one user is very likely to be data for other users.

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