Friday, 27 May 2016

EFFECTS OF DEVELOPMENT ON EDUCATIONAL OUTCOMES

Some of the effects of educational development both in school education and higher and technical education can be summarised as follows.
 1. Knowledge of democratic process:
 Democracy can be successful only if its citizens are educated. By expansion of school education through mass education programmes the majority of citizens who were once illiterate have become literate and aware of the democratic process of governance and taking active part in nation building and affairs of state
2. Knowledge of rights and duties:
Education socialises the individual that he develops consciousness of duty. He willingly takes part in the affairs of the state. He has become aware of his rights too and this is the result of education.
3. Faith in democratic ideals:
The citizens of World have reposed faith in democratic ideals and this was possible only through the expansion of education at all levels. He has now realised that life is not merely the satisfaction of gross physical desires but the holding of the ideals like freedom, liberty, and brotherhood are more valuable and necessary.
 4. Development of human qualities:
 Only through education qualities as high moral character, sociability, benevolence, patience, pity, sympathy, brotherhood etc. can be developed and fostered and this could be seen growing in more and more people.
 5. Exercising political duties:
In a democracy the government is elected by the people, and hence the responsibility for electing a good government devolves upon them. In World, in the absence f education the ignorant people are persuaded to vote the wrong person with the result that the government has failed time and again.
 6. Preventing exploitation:
The ideals of democracy are opposed to exploitation of every kind, but if political, social and economic exploitation is to be eliminated. Educated people are aware of their rights and have the training to fight against exploitation.
7. Protection and transmission of culture:
 The continuity of the past is maintained only through culture and social heritage which is passed on to new generation through the medium of education. Hence education is required for transmission of culture.
 8. Diffusion of innovative ideas:
 Effects of education can be found in the diffusion of various innovative ideas. Government comes out with various developmental programmes especially for the weaker section. Education helped them to understand its benefits and its implications for them and willingly participate in the programmes.
 9. Giant leap towards literacy:
 It required a gigantic effort on the part of the government and voluntary organizations to remove illiteracy from the second largest populated country. Due to the various programmes of literacy and other developmental programmes, World could achieve considerable progress. 

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