Thursday, 25 August 2016

Topical Approaches of Emotion

There are some other important information and changes in the field that I can identify only briefly:
1. Development of Emotion
No significant theories is entirely devoted to the early development of emotion. It is generally accepted that the same factors that apply to early emotional experience as applicable to adult emotions, given the inability to determine subjective experience of the child. It is also true that the early emotional development follows the general pattern of development of the child (that is to say, the increasing differentiation). In contrast, there was a lot of work on how to get children and using emotional labels and concepts (eg Bullock & Russell, 1986), how they start sub-standard feelings with others, and how such understanding is mediated by the social context.
2. Emotion and Artificial Intelligence
Given the heterogeneity of approaches to emotions, it is not surprising that relatively little work has been done in artificial intelligence (AI) modeling of emotions.
Pfeifer (1988) discussed some symbolic AI models and their differences and shortcomings. He concluded that none of the computational approach that meets the needs of an emotional system, which may represent physiological systems particularly difficult and subjective experience. Moreover Pfeifer emphasizes how closely emotions are connected to a common-sense reasoning particularly difficult problem for AI. Aside abstract, Ortony (1992) emphasized the importance of using models for the testing of possible theories about feelings, for building a reasonable representation of naive psychology concepts, and to explore the use of emotional mechanisms to control the process. Most of this has not been done yet.

Detailed attention to the positive sentiment was given by Ellen BERSCHEID and his innovative way of looking at love and related symptoms (BERSCHEID, 1982, 1983, BERSCHEID & Walster, 1978), and by Alice Isen if where the facilitating effect of positive emotions (Isen, 1990; Isen, Daubman & Nowicki, 1987; Isen & Means, 1983). Dysfunctional emotions and clinical aspects are described by Oatley and Jenkins (1992) and examined from different aspects D.J. Stein and Young (1992).

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