Tuesday, 14 March 2017

Learning Approaches & Aspects

What is Learning?
q  The activity or process of gaining knowledge or skill by studying, practicing , being  taught, or experiencing something.
q  The activity of someone who learns.
q   Knowledge or skill gained from learning.
Examples of learning
q  A computer program that makes learning fun,
q  Different methods of foreign language learning.
q  The first year of college was a learning experience.
Purpose of learning
 Four Purposes for Learning:-
q  ACCESS
q  VOICE
q  ACTION
q  BRIDGE TO THE FUTURE
Approaches to Learning
1). Active learning:-
   Active learning is learning which engages and challenges about thinking using real-life and imaginary situations.
       Examples:- a). Sharing Practice 
                          b).  Resources
2). ICT in education:-
     Digital literacy, the effective and creative use of ICT, is key to developing the skills for learning, life and work needed by young people in the modern world.
                       ICT covers these topics of learning:-
q  Digital strategy consolation
q  Glow
q  Game Based learning
q  Internet Safety & responsible use
3). Creativity:-
     Creativity is the act of turning new and imaginative ideas  into reality. creativity is characterized by the ability to perceive the world in new ways, to find hidden patterns, to make connections between seemingly unrelated phenomena, and to generate solutions.
4). Outdoor learning:-
  Find inspiration and support for delivering the curriculum through outdoor learning. Outdoor Learning is a broad term that includes: outdoor  play in the early years, school grounds projects, environmental education, recreational and adventure activities, personal and social development, expeditions, team building, leadership training, management development.
Resources
     1. Places to learn outdoors
      2. Health and safety
      3. Support materials
5). Co-operative & Collaborative learning
     Learning is frequently most effective when learners have the opportunity to think and talk together, to discuss ideas, analyses and solve problems, without constant teacher mediation.
6). Peer education:-
     Peer education is a term widely used to describe a range of initiatives where young people from a similar age group, background, culture and/or social status educate and inform each other about a wide variety of issues.
     An introduction to the benefits of peer education, an approach where young people are actively involved in each other's learning.
Aspects of learning
1). Self awareness:-
   “Self-awareness enables children to have some understanding of themselves. They know how they learn, how they relate to others, what they are thinking and what they are feeling. They use this understanding to organise themselves and plan their learning.”
    To develop interpersonal & intrapersonal skill you have to become…
 SELF AWARE.
2). Motivation:-
    “Motivation enables learners to take an active and enthusiastic part in learning. Intrinsically motivated learners recognise and derive pleasure from learning. Motivation enables learners to set themselves goals and work towards them, to focus and concentrate on learning, to persist when learning is difficult and to develop independence, resourcefulness and personal organisation.”
3). Empathy:-
    “Being able to empathise involves understanding others; anticipating and predicting their likely thoughts, feelings and perceptions. It involves seeing things from another’s point of view and modifying one’s own response, if appropriate, in the light of this understanding.”
Types of Empathy
     Three basic types of empathy:
     1.      Cognitive empathy:- Involves simply sensing how another person feels and what they might be thinking, sometimes called perspective taking.
        2.       Emotional empathy:- occurs when a person senses and feels along with the emotions of another.
       3.       Compassionate empathy:- Happens when a person senses the feelings of another and is moved to help.
4). Social skills:-
“Social skills enable children to relate to others, take an active part in a group, communicate with different audiences, negotiate, resolve differences and support the learning of others.”Social skills effects on
Examples of Social Skills :-
  1. COMMUNICATION
  2. COOPERATION
  3. ASSERTION
  4. RESPONSIBILITY
  5. EMPATHY
  6. ENGAGEMENT
  7. SELF-CONTROL
5). Ability:-
    “Ability refers to an individual’s capacity to perform the various tasks in a job. It is a current assessment of what one can do. Types of Ability are.
1). Intellectual Ability
2). Physical Ability
1). Intellectual ability:-
q      Intellectual abilities are abilities needed to perform mental activities like, thinking, reasoning, problem solving etc.
q       Tests such as SAT,CAT, GMAT etc. are designed to ascertain a person’s general intellectual abilities.
2). Physical abilities:-
    The capacity to do tasks that demand stamina, dexterity, strength, and similar characteristics.
6). Capacity:-
     Capacity is the upper limit or ceiling on the load that an operating unit can handle.
      Capacity also includes
q  Equipment
q  Space
q  Employee skills
      The basic questions in capacity handling are:
q  What kind of capacity is needed?
q  How much is needed?
q  When is it needed?
Steps for Capacity Planning:-
  1. Estimate future capacity requirements
  2. Evaluate existing capacity
  3. Identify alternatives
  4. Conduct financial analysis
  5. Assess key qualitative issues
  6. Select one alternative
  7. Implement alternative chosen
  8. Monitor results
7). Purpose or Goal:-
q   Goal: Goals give you a roadmap to your future. They provide something to strive for – some point in the future to reach.
q    Goals are specific. Setting goals is a way to focus your attention on what you want in the future. If you are not specific, you will never know where you are going.
An example of a goal would be "I want to go back to school and get a Bachelors Degree in English." This is very specific. It's not just stating "I want to go back to school" It's stating exactly what type of degree you want to obtain.
Things to Remember:-
v  Goals must be realistic – you can’t lose 40 pounds in one month
v  Must prioritize – rank in order of importance you, can’t accomplish it all at once.
v  Do you have the resources you need to reach your goals? (money, information, health, energy, skill, etc.).
SMART Goals
     Pick one of your goals. Whether you choose a career goal, a fitness goal or a personal goal, try to identify how you can make your goal SMART.
S Specific
M Measurable
A Attainable
R Relevant
T Time-bound
8).Reward or Effect
q  A thing given in recognition of service, effort, or achievement :the holiday was a reward for 40 years' service with the company he’s reaping the rewards of his hard work and perseverance figurative the emotional rewards of being a carer.
q  Satisfaction is influenced by how satisfied employees are with both intrinsic and extrinsic rewards.
q  Extrinsic rewards – external to the job. 
q  Intrinsic rewards – part of the job itself.
9). Forgetting
q  Forgetting refers to the inability to retrieve previously stored information.
q  When you forget something, it means that it is unavailable to you at the time you are trying to remember it.
10). Training of transfer
Definition: Training transfer is effectively and continually applying on the job what the trainee learned during training.
Goals of successful training transfer:
Ø  Trainees generalize skills to the work setting.

Ø  Trainees maintain skills in the work setting.

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