The purpose of which historical research is undertaken is probably as varied as the many individuals who engage in the activity. They can be summarised into  major categories:
1. The foremost purpose of doing historical research is to gain a clear perspective of the present. Present problems e.g., racial integration or the recent opposition federal aid to education are undertaking only on the basis of third historical background. Most current events have a past “History” and it is generally necessary for us to acquaint ourselves with this history if we appreciate their real significance.
2. An understanding of the history of education should enable the educators to recognise the weakness of the educational system.

3. A common motive underlying historical research is the desire of the scientist to arrive at an accurate account of the past. This may involve nothing more than a scholarly interest in truth, i.e., the desire to know what happened and how? and why? the men of the times allowed it to happen.