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FACTORS CONSIDERED IN CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT


The following factors are considered in developing the curriculum:
u The Teaching-Learning Process
u Environment School Community
u Societal Needs
1.     THE TEACHING LEARNING PROCESS
Ø The heart of education
Ø The organization of the teacher, the learner, and the curriculum along with the other variables in a systematic way to attain pre-determine goals.
THE ELEMENTS OF TEACHING LEARNING PROCESS:
Ø  The Teacher
Ø The Learner
Ø  The Learning Situation
1.1      THE TEACHER
Ø             The one who “helps” the learners learn economically, efficiently and/or effectively.
Ø *The success of a learning situation  depends on the  large extent on the skilful intervention (action taken to improve] of a professional person, the teacher.
Ø In the teaching process, the teacher becomes a decision maker (Bilbao, 2008), following a series of actions: PLANNING, IMPLEMENTING, AND EVALUATING.
1.2              THE LEARNER
Ø An individual who relatively permanent changes a behaviour as a result of experience
Ø Curriculum development must prepare the learners to lead a balanced life in the future by fulfilling roles of a professional person. It must aim the total development of a learner
1.3            THE LEARNING SITUATION
Ø The success of a learning situation  depends on the  large extent on the skilful intervention of a professional person, the teacher.
Ø Teaching and learning give life and meaning to curriculum. Each complement and supplement each other. The value placed in teaching will create the same value in learning thus a good curriculum can be judged by the kind of teaching quality of learning derived from it.
2.     SOCEITAL NEEDS
Ø Societal needs are considered to be what the people who constitute (set up) the population of a country need for their lives to be productive and happy in the local context.
3.     ENVIRONMENT SCHOOL COMMUNITY
Ø Consideration for the environment must  of necessity influence curriculum design to ensure the survival of future generations.
           


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