Causes of Social Stratification:

There are five basic points which gives clear idea about the causes of social stratification;
(1) Inequality –
Inequality exists because of natural differences in people‘s abilities.
(2) Conflict –
Stratification occurs due to conflict between different classes, with the upper classes using superior power to take a larger share of the social resources.
(3) Power –
Power influences one‘s definition of self and the importance of ideas in defining social situations.
(4) Wealth –
Difference in the wealth is also one of the causes of social stratification.
(5) Instability –
Instability in the society being the cause of social stratification enhances stability and induces members of the society to work hard.