Characteristics of Research

1. Empirical - based on observations and experimentation on theories
2. Systematic - follows orderly and sequential procedure.
3. Controlled - all variables except those that are tested/experimented upon are kept constant
4. Employs hypothesis - guides the investigation process
5. Analytical - There is critical analysis of all data used so that there is no error in their interpretation
6. Objective, Unbiased, & Logical - all findings are logically based on empirical
7. Employs quantitative or statistical methods - data are transformed into numerical measures and are treated statistically
8. Original work
9. Done by an expert - the researcher uses valid and carefully designed procedures, valid data gathering
10. Must be patient and unhurried activity - to ensure accuracy

11. Require effort-making capacity