Pure research

It is basic approach which is for the sake of knowledge. Fundamental research is usually carried on in a laboratory or other sterile environment, sometimes with animals. This type of research, which has no immediate or planned application, may later result in further research of an applied nature. Basic researches involve the development of theory. It is not concerned with practical applicability and most closely resembles the laboratory conditions and controls usually associated with scientific research. It is concerned establishing generally principles of learning. For example, much basic research has been conducted with animals to determine principles of reinforcement and their effect on learning. Like the experiment of skinner on cats gave the principle of conditioning and reinforcement. According to Travers, basic research is designed to add to an organized body of scientific knowledge and does not necessarily produce results of immediate practical value. Basic research is primarily concerned with the formulation of the theory or a contribution to the existing body of knowledge. Its major aim is to obtain and use the empirical data to formulate, expand or evaluate theory. This type of research draws its pattern and spirit from the physical sciences. It represents a rigorous and structured type of analysis. It employs careful sampling procedures in order to extend the findings beyond the group or situations and thus develops theories by discovering proved generalizations or principles. The main aim of basic research is the discovery of knowledge solely for the sake of knowledge. 22 Another system for classification is sometimes used for the research dealing with these who types of questions. This classification is based on goal or objective of the research. The first type of research, which has its aim obtaining the empirical data that can be used to formulate, expand or evaluate theory is called basic research. This type of study is not oriented in design or purpose towards the solution of practical problem. Its essential aim is to expand the frontiers of knowledge without regard to practical application. Of course, the findings may eventually apply to practical problems that have social value. For example, advances in the practice of medicine are dependent upon basic research in biochemistry and microbiology. Likewise, progress in educational practices has been related to progress in the discovery of general laws through psychological, educational, sociological research.
This type of research is also regarded as fundamental and pure research. It builds up the broad generalizations, Principles and theories of education. It results in the discovery of useful concepts such as those of motivation reinforcement and concept formation.
Some general characteristics of pure research
  It aims at developing educational theories and principles.
  It requires professional training.
  Highly specific hypothesis are developed.
  It calls for a complex analysis of data.

This research is done by the outstanding experts with the help of desired facilities. It demands higher level of problems, procedures, tools controls, analysis etc. It is expected to be more expert as it has for reading consequences