Social interaction

Micro-sociology that focuses on understanding and analysis of the processes and dynamics of social interaction in everyday life. Social interaction can mean only that
people when they are in each other's presence. Four symbolic interactionism micro-sociological perspective is developed to understand the social interaction in everyday life . These are:
1. Symbolic Interaction: Symbolic interactionism as indicated previously focused on social interaction as the most important part of life in society. What interest scholars in perspective that this symbol used by people to define their world. Here, three key concepts are used to explain the symbolic base and the nature of social interaction; These are: stereotypes each everyday life, personal space, and moving.
Stereotypes in everyday life: Stereotypes are the assumptions we have about the person; They define and shape our responses and behavior towards people. Our first impressions of people are formed by the assumptions that we have such characteristics as gender, age, skin color, physical appearance, social status, etc. The conclusions not only influence our ideas about people, but how we deal with that person.
Personal space: Individuals have, and maintain, an important sense of personal space for social interaction; Each person has a personal space. Our personal areas are open only to those who we are well-known, such as children, parents, friends and spouses. If we keep others from personal space to make sure that we do not touch, and be touched by the others. Anthropological research findings show that the use of personal space varies form one culture to another; four different distance zones have been identified, such as in North America. These are:
I. Intimate Distance
II. Personal distance
III. Social
IV. Public Distance
Touch: Every society has to hit policy on social interaction. Frequency of contact and attach meaning people varies between and within cultures. However, impersonal social interaction, higher status individuals were more likely to have a lower status; eg teacher his / her students.; the boss's secretary, etc.
2. Dramaturgy: Symbolic integrationists use the term "drama" which refers to the way in which individuals present themselves in everyday life. The term was coined by the sociologist Erving Goffman (1922 - 1982) refers to the dramaturgical analysis of how people act and behave in social situations. So social life is compared to a drama or theater. Individuals born in the stage of everyday life. Our everyday social life is playing our assigned roles. Everybody learns how to perform on stage. Our daily life is full of episodes where we perform; Each person is expected to him / her to take drama to play many roles; eg. a student, a woman, a mother, a daughter, employee, etc. The actions and roles played in stage performances created role.
3. Ethno methods: literally means the study of methods of people. Ethno-methodologists study how people make sense of life. Ethno method including exposing principles when they interpret their everyday world. Sociologists like Harold Garfinkel (who coined the term) has a broad study of how people use common sense view that made sense out of their lives. Which form the basis of social interaction in our daily life are the individual actors assumptions about the way of life and how things should work.
4. The social construction of reality: symbolic interactionism argue that individuals determine their own reality and try to live according to that sense. Reality is not something that exists "out there", independently. It is socially created. By "social construction of reality", we mean the process by which the various elements we have available in our society and put them together to form a particular view of reality. meaning of every human truth came from his own sense of his / her society. The understanding we learn in our culture is the basis of not only what we do but what we perceive, feel or think.