Hawthorne Effect

The term "Hawthorne Effect" has been popularized by researchers in social and behavioral sciences since the time of today's classic exposure experiment. Historically in the formative period of application 'reasoning and methodology call scientific way to understand human behavior”, these experiments underscore the latter, strong reflection of social psychologist Ralph Rosnow and Robert Rosenthal, such sixty years later, that 'the application of what we consider a scientific way does not simplify the behavior of a person, rather, it shows us how complicated a person's behavior is truly the legacy of unveiling in Hawthorne from human complexity. behavior is now packaged in the Hawthorne effect, a term which warns that the knowledge to be able to have a greater impact on participants behavior in an experiment than any single experimental variable whatsoever.

The effect of Hawthorne was identified from a series of studies conducted in 1920 at Hawthorne Works, outside of Chicago. The company produces electrical equipment. These studies are a major effort to systematically examine the influences of factors in the labor productivity environment. For the purposes of this evaluation, we can identify studies pertaining to the effects of changing light levels, as reported in Snow (1927). In this series of studies, the level of lighting in the workplace is systematically different for employees performing repeating tasks. In one study, the effects of three different levels of reducing labor production are assessed. In another study, a control group gave a constant level of light, while an experimental group received a gradual increase in light levels. To the surprise of researchers, all these conditions lead to an increase in productivity. Even with lower levels of lighting, productivity continues to grow. Also, productivity has increased in the control group.
As usual, this concept refers to unexpected useful and beneficial effects on experimental situations. Such effects would have made the subject of the experiment realize that he is a participant in an experiment and thus the issue of special attention true or thought. Such a consciousness is generally said to have a positive effect on the functionality of the subject during the duration of the experimental situation. Hawthorne effect is a known anecdotal for job doctors, as it relates to experiments with improved plant lighting that contributes to employee productivity. Gradually increasing the lighting level resulted in a higher output until a person lowered the level below the baseline and the output increased further. The moral effect of Hawthorne is the transformation of people into their behavior when they think you are looking at it and this principle has a greater medical implication to illustrate the improved health of control groups.