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Interviews as a Tool of Data Collection

Interviews as a Tool of Data Collection


The interview is a method of inquiry characterized by the fact that oral inquiry is used as the most important method for collecting data.

Interviews are used by people in everyday life, but as a scientific tool for social research, or better as a means of collecting data, communication is different from implementing, building and implementing the awareness prepared and implemented in a systematic way.
Interviews are largely composed of questions, listening to individuals and recording their answers.
Interviews allow participants to provide rich, contextual description of events. Interviews are a systematic way of communicating and listening to respondents and another way to collect data from individuals through conversations.
Kvale (1996) recognizes interviews as "an exchange of views between two or more people on a subject of mutual interest, recognizing the central area of ​​human contact for production of knowledge, where the context of social research data. "
Meaning
The interview questions verbally. In research, Lindzey Gardner described the interview as "a dialogue, which began the interviewer with the specific purpose of obtaining research-related information and taught the content defined by the purposes of research description and explanation."
Functions of the interview
Two important functions of the interview strategy are
i. Description                           ii. Exploration
Description
The information of the respondents provides insight into the nature of social truth. Because the
interviewer spent some time with the respondents, he could understand their feelings and attitudes more clearly, and where necessary ask for more information and make meaningful information for him.
Exploration
The interview provides insight into the undiscovered dimensions of the problem.

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