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Education system in China

Education system in China

In order to meet the needs of more than 1 billion people, China has developed a comprehensive public education system that is fully governed by the state. The Chinese education system offers training from kindergarten to graduate school and requires each child to receive basic training. As part of China's overall government plan to spend around 4 percent of GDP in the education system, monitoring of local government funds becomes increasingly important.
The percentage of literacy (99.37% of people aged 15-24) in China was last measured in 2009, according to the World Bank. Literacy among young people is the percentage of people aged 15-24 who can read and write knowledge in a brief, simple explanation of their daily life.
However, in such a large population, there is an urgent need for students to excel, since the space of the best secondary schools and universities is limited. Students who want higher education should complete two very difficult tests, each one being offered only once a year.
History of education in China
If back to the Shang dynasty (16th century BC - 11th century BC), the inscriptions on the bones or tortoise shells are the simple registration of education and learning. Western Zhou dynasty (11th century BC - 771 BC), built by the aristocratic schools to educate their children, because their streams will be civil servants of the future, while gifted but poor families can dream of approaching events in the state. The development of the education system has led to a form of analysis that is how the designated China's talent has been as an officer. In general, this process can be divided into three periods - 'chaju' and 'zhengpi' in the Han Dynasty, the 'jiupin zhongzheng' system from Han to the Northern and Southern Dynasties, and the Imperial Examination which survived from the Sui Dynasty (589 - 618) right through to the last feudal dynasty Qing Dynasty(1644-1911). 
Thereafter, the system of China's education fell into a state of confusion due to changes in the national government. However, the foundation of modern China's new order introduced a new approach to education and brought a new phase. Through long-term efforts, the provision of education has been acquired in a progressive process.
Stages of education in china
In general, education in China can be divided into the following stages:

1, pre-school education for children aged 3-5 years in kindergarten.
2, Basic education for 6-11 year old children. Primary schools are usually operated by local education authorities and in some cases of companies and individuals.
3, high school provided to children aged 12-17 years old.
This type of study is carried out by local governments and various business authorities are classified as high school or vocational graduates who graduate studies at the same level of graduate, high school and types of secondary professional graduate schools enjoy a number of privileges, such as colleges. In particular, public high schools include junior high schools and higher middle schools, both in three years of study. Graduates from elementary schools usually attend regular senior high school, and parts of it will study 3-5 years of vocational or vocational training.
4, higher education formed by that for vocational college students, undergraduates, postgraduates and doctorial students.  Higher education is done by universities, colleges, institutes and vocational colleges. These institutions are implementing three main activities of raising courses, conducting scientific research and providing social services.
Curriculum reform

Perform comprehensive curriculum reform is textbook, primary education. Use Chinese cultural and educational traditions, as well as advanced curriculum, handbooks and teaching methods from other countries.

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