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Types of social control mechanisms

Types of social control mechanisms


There are two main types of social control mechanisms. These are: negative and positive
mechanisms of social control.
Positive social control: to involve mechanisms to reward and encourage those who comply with these standards. This is the reward of model behavior. Informal psychosocial reward mechanisms include simple smile, say an encouraging word, shaking hands, thanking, showing appreciation, etc. Formal positive control mechanisms work could include granting awards, advancing to a higher level status, etc.
Rewards and incentives have immense value in individual activities. Everyone wants to be rewarded with society, so they have to follow the traditions, traditions, and so on of society. e.g. Distinctions, fame, respect and recognition.

Negative social control: It is criminal or regulatory behavior deviants. An abnormal is considered a person whose views and actions are different in moral or social standards of what is normal or acceptable in the context of a particular social group. A person stops doing something wrong by threatening the punishment. The fear of these punishments helps people to prevent violations of the customs, traditions, values and ideals of society. E.g. Penal sentence, slander and negative criticism etc.
 The social audit can be micro / macro level, informal / formal level. Micro / informal social control level takes place at the level of small groups, such as peer groups, family and interpersonal relationships. Examples of negative social micro-level of control include: simple gossip and, a simple frowning, scolding, pinching, shops, ridicule, scolding, expelled, etc. The penalties may be psychological, social, or physical / material forms. Penalty or formal macro level include: fining, firing, demotion, imprisonment, banishment or excommunication, the death penalty and so on.

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