INFO4MYSTREY

This blog is created for educational purposes. Info4mystery archive and support student, teacher, Educationalists, Scholars and other people for learning by facilitating reflection, questioning by self and others, collaboration and by providing contexts for engaging in higher-order thinking.

Full width home advertisement

Popular Posts

Post Page Advertisement [Top]

Types of observation in Educational Research

Types of observation in Educational Research

1. Participant Observation : In this observation, the observer is a part of the phenomenon or group which observed and he acts as both an observer and a participant.
Example, a study of tribal customs by an anthropologist by taking part in tribal activities like folk dance. The person who are observed should not be aware of the researcher’s purpose. Then only their behaviour will be ‘natural.’
2. Non - Participant Observation : in this method, the observer stands apart and does not participate in the phenomenon observed. Naturally, there is no emotional involvement on the part of the observer. This method calls for skill in recording observations in an unnoticed manner.
Example : use of recording devices to examine the details of how people talk and behave together.
3. Direct Observation : This means observation of an event personally by the observer when it takes place. This method is flexible and allows the observer to see and record indirect aspects of events and behaviour as they occur. He is also free to shift places, change the focus of the observation.
  Example: Observer is physically present to monitor
4. Indirect Observation : This does not involve the physical presence of the observer, and the recording is done by mechanical, photographic or electronic devices.
     Example : Recording customer and employee movements by a special motion picture camera attached in a department of large store.
  5. Controlled Observation : Controlled  observation  is carried out  either in the laboratory or in the field. It is typified by clear and explicit decisions on what, how, and when to observe. It is primarily used for inferring causality, and testing casual hypothesis.
6. Uncontrolled Observation : This does not involve over extrinsic and intrinsic variables. It is primarily used for descriptive research. Participant observation is a typical uncontrolled one.

No comments:

Post a Comment

Bottom Ad [Post Page]

| Designed by Colorlib